Archive for November, 2013

The abbots, as

Sunday, November 10th, 2013

The abbots, as superior of the monks, were not known until the fourth century of the church, in that people were withdrawing from the world leaders chose this name to the governed, rather taking them from the lay that of the clergy, because at first they were not monks but secular people who exercised in prayer and labors. With the passage of time, not only the abbots were not content with simple priesthood, but also managed to become church dignitaries and prelates, with exemption from the authority of bishops, pastoral and contentious jurisdiction over his subjects and monasteries, with power carrying pontifical insignia, consecrating vessels, altars and churches, bless the people, sit in the councils after the bishops confer minor orders and finally with other powers, whose St. Bernard complained too much, and is claimed in Spain parents council of Le n in 1012, and for those of Coyanza in 1050.Although the monks were initially poor, but not living as the work of their hands, then the Christians moved all of the fame of his holiness and even the strength of their business suggestions, rushed to enrich the monasteries with gifts, donations , inheritances and legacies and the princes themselves brought his generosity to the point of granting fiefs and royalties. This extraordinary accumulation of assets in the hands of people who took vows of poverty, while the state was without resources to meet their needs, could not draw the attention of the Kings, who finding himself unable to sustain costs of the wars they were engaged, and had carried out the idea of hitting assigned to the lords and warlords in some abbeys whose income and allowances could provide troops.Posts magnates at the head of the monasteries by a grant from the King or by other means that they suggested and facilitated their arrogance, did not hesitate to use the name of abbots, as they actually were, because they were responsible and caring government of people and things from these establishments and to understand its title with one word the dignity they had in the century, used to be called or abicondes abacondes. Not only enjoyed by those of the abbeys in his lifetime but that death would transmit to their heirs and as ones and others hardly cared for anything but content to collect rents in the abbey church appoint some priests for the spiritual administration is relaxed in monastic discipline so that the bishops did not cease to cry out for remedy, until the Cortes de Alcal , 1548, Don Enrique II in Burgos in 1373, and Don Juan I in 1390 Guadalajara (laws 2 and 3, tit . 17, lib. 1, Nov.ECR), ordered the noblemen, rich men and other lay people could not “take parcels in Abadengo and monasteries, and dejasen holders the course without being able to use beyond, use, custom, privilege, or favor that letter tuviesen or because it falls on. commendatory abbot ceased since the secular, but still exist in Vizcaya under its charter. In addition to the commendatory abbot there are other secular abbots have different origins. When the nobility knew no other profession that of arms or other wealth than the bed, the booty and the awards won in the war, unfit for the military nobles were doomed to celibacy and poverty, and thus dragged to the same fate an equal portion of their class girls .To ensure the survival of these victims of politics, founded an incredible crowd of monasteries dyplkcs called a refuge for individuals of both sexes and of heirs or relatives because they were in the ownership and inheritance of the family and not only inherited, but departed, sold, exchanged, transferred by contract or testament of one another. Since filling the need rather than a religious vocation and they used a refuge from the misery of devotion was therefore that the relaxation of discipline would make them gradually disappear one way or another. In fact, some joined the free monasteries, called elders, whose observance was then a thriving living argument against the vices of the institution, incorporating and merging them their buildings and property under certain conditions stipulated, among which used to be a the abbot or abbess was to be the relatives of the owner or employer’s deleted.Others were secularized and their employers, though laymen and married, they continued calling abbots, as the abbot of Vivanco, Rosales et al. See the report of the minister Jovellanos in the farm bill file.